Research Article
Print
Research Article
Notulae to the Italian native vascular flora: 3
expand article infoFabrizio Bartolucci, Gianniantonio Domina§, Michele Adorni|, Alessandro Alessandrini, Nicola M.G. Ardenghi#, Enrico Banfi¤, Giovanni A. Baragliu«, Liliana Bernardo», Alessio Bertolli˄, Edoardo Biondi˅, Luciana Carotenuto«, Simona Casavecchia˅, Paolo Cauzzi#, Fabio Conti, Maria A. Crisanti˅, Francesco S. D’Amico¦, Valter Di Ceccoˀ, Luciano Di Martinoˀ, Giorgio Faggiˁ, Francesco Falcinelli, Luigi Forte¦, Gabriele Galasso¤, Roberta Gasparri˅, Luigi Ghillani|, Günter Gottschlich, Filippo Guzzon#, Doerte Harpke, Lorenzo Lastrucci, Edda Lattanzi, Giovanni Maiorca, Dino Marchetti, Pietro Medagli, Nicola Olivieri, Marziano Pascale, Nicodemo G. Passalacqua», Lorenzo Peruzzi, Sergio Picollo|, Filippo Prosser, Massimo Ricciardi, Giovanni Salerno, Adriano Stinca, Massimo Terzi‡‡, Daniele Viciani, Robert P. Wagensommer§§, Chiara Nepi
‡ Università di Camerino, Camerino, Italy
§ Università degli Studi di Palermo, Palermo, Italy
| Unaffiliated, Parma, Italy
¶ Istituto Beni Culturali, Bologna, Italy
# Università di Pavia, Pavia, Italy
¤ Museo di Storia Naturale di Milano, Milano, Italy
« Riserva Naturale Selva del Lamone, Viterbo, Italy
» Università della Calabria, Cosenza, Italy
˄ ondazione Museo Civico di Rovereto, Trento, Italy
˅ Università Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona, Italy
¦ Università degli Studi di Bari, Bari, Italy
ˀ Ente Parco Nazionale della Majella, L’Aquila, Italy
ˁ Unaffiliated, Forlì-Cesena, Italy
₵ Unaffiliated, Perugia, Italy
ℓ Unaffiliated, Tübingen, Germany
₰ Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Research, Gatersleben, Germany
₱ Università di Firenze, Firenze, Italy
₳ Unaffiliated, Roma, Italy
₴ Agenzia Regionale per lo Sviluppo dell’Agricoltura Calabrese, Cosenza, Italy
₣ Unaffiliated, Massa-Carrara, Italy
₮ Università del Salento, Lecce, Italy
₦ Unaffiliated, Teramo, Italy
₭ Unaffiliated, Cuneo, Italy
₲ Università di Pisa, Pisa, Italy
‽ Fondazione Museo Civico di Rovereto, Trento, Italy
₩ Università di Napoli Federico II, Napoli, Italy
₸ Università degli Studi di Roma Tre, Roma, Italy
‡‡ Istituto di Bioscienze e Biorisorse, Bari, Italy
§§ Università di Perugia, Perugia, Italy
Open Access

Abstract

In this contribution new data concerning the distribution of native vascular flora in Italy are presented. It includes new records, exclusions, and confirmations to the Italian administrative regions for taxa in the genera Asplenium, Bolboschoenus, Botrychium, Chamaerops, Crocus, Galeopsis, Grafia, Helosciadium, Hieracium, Juniperus, Leucanthemum, Lolium, Medicago, Phalaris, Piptatherum, Potamogeton, Salicornia, Salvia, Seseli, Silene, Spiraea, Torilis and Vicia. Rhaponticoides calabrica is proposed as synonym novum of R. centaurium. Furthermore, new combinations in the genera Galatella and Lactuca are proposed.

Keywords

Floristic data, Italy, new combinations, nomenclature

How to contribute

The text for the new records should be submitted electronically to Chiara Nepi (chiara.nepi@unifi.it). The corresponding specimen along with its scan or photograph have to be sent to FI Herbarium: Sezione di Botanica Filippo Parlatore del Museo di Storia Naturale, Via G. La Pira 4, 50121 Firenze (Italy). Those texts concerning nomenclatural novelties (typifications only for accepted names), status changes, exclusions, and confirmations should be submitted electronically to: Fabrizio Bartolucci (fabrizio.bartolucci@gmail.com). Each text should be within 2,000 characters (spaces included).

Floristic records

Asplenium septentrionale (L.) Hoffm. subsp. septentrionale (Aspleniaceae)

+ LAZ: Farnese (Viterbo), Selva del Lamone, località Voltamacine (UTM WGS84: 32T 720.4717), pleistocene basalt lava flow with irregular rocky blocks, varying from gray to black; bare or almost bare blocks, the latter covered only by some lichens and mosses; soil only in crevices; slope facing north with an average angle of 30°; elevation between 285 and 300 m a.s.l., 8 April 2016, L. Carotenuto, G. Salerno, G.A. Baragliu (FI). – Subspecies new for the flora of Lazio.

This species occurs in all the northern administrative regions, in Calabria, Basilicata, Sardegna, and Sicilia; in central Italy, it has been recorded only in Toscana (Conti et al. 2005). The population consists of a few dozens of tufts, growing in soil pockets inside the crevices; overall, it covers about 200 m2. The site is included in the Natural Regional Reserve “Selva del Lamone” and in the Special Area of Conservation IT6010013 under EU Directive 92/43/CEE.

L. Carotenuto, G.A. Baragliu, G. Salerno

Bolboschoenus laticarpus Marhold, Hroudová, Ducháček & Zákr. (Cyperaceae)

+ TOS: Massarella (Fucecchio, Firenze), Padule di Fucecchio, (WGS84: 43.780018°N; 10.805349°E), area paludosa a Nord della Cavallaia, 15 m, no exp., 27 September 2016, L. Lastrucci, D. Viciani (FI). – Species new for the flora of Toscana.

It is a species with a broad ecological amplitude, growing on several habitat types, such as riverbanks, streams, channels or littoral areas of water reservoirs (Hroudová et al., 2007). In the study area, Bolboschoenus laticarpus forms wide stands in temporarily flooded areas, in contact with a Phragmites australis community.

L. Lastrucci, D. Viciani

Botrychium simplex E.Hitchc. (Ophioglossaceae)

+ VEN: Bosco Chiesanuova (Verona), Monti Lessini, presso Malga Podesteria, dintorni del rudere di Lo Stallone (WGS84: 45.704272°N; 11.038978°E), ripiano erboso sopra affioramento di Ammonitico, 1640 m, 1 July 2016, F. Prosser, G. Prosser, G. Prosser (FI). – Species new for the flora of Veneto.

Botrychium simplex was previously reported in Italy only for Trentino-Alto Adige (Conti et al. 2005), namely for the province of Trento (Marchetti 2004). An account of ancient and recent records from this province was given by Prosser (2000) and by Bertolli and Prosser (2014). Currently, only two growing areas are known in this province. This species is listed in Annex II of the Directive 92/43/EEC. Both populations known in Trentino-Alto Adige are located outside Natura 2000 areas. On the contrary, the population on Mt. Lessini is located inside the Natura 2000 area of “Monti Lessini - Pasubio - Piccole Dolomiti Vicentine (IT3210040)” and, therefore, represents the only confirmed occurrence of the species within the Italian Natura 2000 network. The population found near Podesteria consists of about 10 individuals, growing together with B. lunaria (L.) Sw. (no intermediates were observed). We looked for further populations of B. simplex in the surroundings, but detected only many individuals of B. lunaria. Dibona (2012) reported B. simplex for the Sella Pass, on the side of Val Gardena (Bolzano), but the photograph represents B. lunaria.

F. Prosser

Chamaerops humilis L. (Arecaceae)

+ (CAS) MOL: Termoli (Campobasso), versante collinare sud del Vallone del Riovivo (WGS84: 41.995021°N; 14.995642°E), ca. m 27, 3 September 2016, N. Olivieri (FI). – Casual alien species new for the flora of Molise.

Several individuals of different ages occur in a peripheral area of the City Park of Termoli, which occupies the final portion of the Valley of Riovivo. Individuals, mostly young, have settled on the southern slope of the valley, in the northwest exposed area, next to the Adriatic Sea and characterized by dry sandstone substrate. The plants have developed in a clearing of an artificial pine forest of Pinus halepensis Mill. and P. pinaster Aiton, covering the side of the valley., Owing to its adaptability to the Mediterranean phytoclimate, in Italy the species is widely used as an ornamental; in several cases, this has led to its spreading locally as an adventitious plant, e.g., in Friuli Venezia Giulia (Conti et al. 2005), Umbria (Ardenghi and Mossini 2013), Puglia (Buono and Manni 2013), Marche (Olivieri 2015a), and Abruzzo (Olivieri 2015b).

N. Olivieri

Crocus variegatus Hoppe & Hornsch. (Iridaceae)

0 EMR. nei monti di Parma, Jan 1842, Barbieri (FI! under the name C. reticulatus). – Species not recently confirmed for the flora of Emilia-Romagna.

Despite the very recent confirmation of the occurrence of C. variegatus in Emilia-Romagna by Bartolucci et al. (2016b), a closer re-examination of the specimen in FI led to its identification as C. etruscus Parl. (see below). The misidentification was due to the poor conservation status of the studied material in PI, which did not allow to confirm the presence of a prophyll (distinctive of C. etruscus and of the whole C. sect. Crocus). However, DNA analysis of the ITS region, carried out on leaf samples from the specimen in PI, definitely confirmed that the population from Boschi di Carrega belongs to C. etruscus. On the other hand, we had the opportunity to examine in FI the specimen on which the historical record of C. variegatus for the region (Parlatore 1858, under the name C. reticulatus) was based, and it clearly refers to this species. Parlatore (1858) also suggested a possible error in the locality reported on the label.

Crocus etruscus Parl. (Iridaceae)

+ EMR: Sala Baganza (Parma), Boschi di Carrega (WGS84: 44.721914°N; 10.211219°E), 180–200 m, February 2016, Leg. S. Picollo, L. Ghillani, M. Adorni, det. L. Peruzzi (FI, PI under the name C. variegatus Hoppe & Hornsch.). – Species confirmed for the flora of Emilia-Romagna.

+ UMB: Città della Pieve (Perugia): vicinanze di C. Selve (WGS84: 42.938590°N; 12.039350°E), cerreta, suolo calcareo, 505 m, 20 Mar 2016, F. Falcinelli (PI); Città della Pieve (Perugia): tra C. Selve e F.so Nestore (WGS84: 42.935720°N; 12.044110°E), cerreta, suolo calcareo, 495 m, 20 Mar 2016, F. Falcinelli (FI). – Species new for the flora of Umbria.

The occurrence of this species in Emilia-Romagna is a matter of debate since a long time. Currently considered as a narrow endemic to Toscana (Carta et al. 2010, Harpke et al. 2015, Peruzzi et al. 2017), it was indeed doubtfully reported for Emilia-Romagna by Mathew (1982: “possibly also near Parma”), recorded by Alessandrini (1983), Alessandrini & Bonafede (1996), Alessandrini & Branchetti (1997), and Mazzoni et al. (2001) for several localities. Later, it was excluded from the regional flora by Carta et al. (2010) based on the confusion, documented in many cases, with the plants currently known as C. neglectus Peruzzi & Carta. However, more in-depth morphological and molecular investigations highlighted that the plants recently recorded as C. variegatus for Emilia-Romagna (Bartolucci et al. 2016b) actually belong to this species. On the contrary, C. etruscus was never recorded before in Umbria. The localities reported here considerably enlarge the range of this species, which is of particular conservational interest: it is protected under the Bern Convention, listed in Annex IVb of Habitat Directive (92/43/CEE), and appears in the IUCN Red List of Threatened species as Near Threatened (Carta & Peruzzi 2011).

L. Peruzzi, F. Falcinelli, D. Harpke, S. Picollo, L. Ghillani, M. Adorni

Crocus neglectus Peruzzi & Carta (Iridaceae)

+ UMB: Piegaro (Perugia): Montarale versante O (WGS84: 42.944830°N; 12.117920°E), cerreta, suolo calcareo, 850 m, 23 Mar 2016, F. Falcinelli (PI); Piegaro (Perugia): Montarale versante O (WGS84: 42.943850°N, 12.115850°E), cerreta, suolo calcareo, 830 m, 23 Mar 2016, F. Falcinelli (FI). – Species confirmed for the flora of Umbria.

According to Bartolucci et al. (2016b), this species was so far only historically recorded from Umbria.

F. Falcinelli, L. Peruzzi

Galatella pannonica (Jacq.) Galasso, Bartolucci & Ardenghi, comb. nov

Aster pannonicus Jacq., Hort. Bot. Vindob. 1(1): 3 (pl. 8). 1770 ≡ Tripolium pannonicum (Jacq.) Dobrocz., Fl. URSR 11: 63. 1962

Galatella pannonica (Jacq.) Galasso, Bartolucci & Ardenghi subsp. tripolium (L.) Galasso, Bartolucci & Ardenghi, comb. nov

Aster tripolium L., Sp. Pl. 2: 872(−873). 1753 [1.V.1753] ≡ Tripolium pannonicum (Jacq.) Dobrocz. subsp. tripolium (L.) Greuter, Willdenowia 33(1): 47. 2003 [29.VIII.2003]

Recent molecular studies (Li et al. 2012, Jafari et al. 2015) suggest the merging of the genus Tripolium Nees with Galatella Cass., although this result is not supported by anatomical and micro-morphological evidences (Karanović et al. 2015). Two members of Tripolium occur in Italy [Tripolium pannonicum (Jacq.) Dobrocz. subsp. pannonicum and T. sorrentinoi (Tod.) Raimondo & Greuter], whereas a third [T. pannonicum subsp. tripolium (L.) Greuter] has been erroneously recorded in the past (Conti et al. 2007). Unlike T. sorrentinoi (≡ Galatella sorrentinoi Tod.), T. pannonicum subsp. pannonicum and subsp. tripolium are not provided with combinations in Galatella, which are here proposed.

G. Galasso, F. Bartolucci, N.M.G. Ardenghi

Galeopsis angustifolia Hoffm. subsp. angustifolia (Lamiaceae)

+ CAL: Grisolia (Cosenza), fiume Abatemarco alla Centrale (UTM WGS84: 33S 583.4400), brecciaio, 23 July 1993, L. Bernardo, N.G. Passalacqua (FI). – Subspecies new for the flora of Calabria.

L. Bernardo, G. Maiorca, L. Peruzzi, N.G. Passalacqua

Grafia golaka (Hacq.) Rchb. (Apiaceae)

+ CAL: San Donato di Ninea (Cosenza), M. Mula, rupi del versante est (UTM WGS84: 33S 584.4395), 1870 m, 22 July 1991, L. Bernardo (FI). – Species new for the flora of Calabria.

N.G. Passalacqua, L. Peruzzi, G. Maiorca, L. Bernardo

Helosciadium inundatum (L.) W.D.J.Koch (Apiaceae)

+ CAL: Brognaturo (Vibo Valentia) Piana della Lacina, lungo il tubo collettore (UTM WGS84: 33S 622.4272), lungo linee di scorrimento del ruscello, 990 m, 18 July 1999, L. Bernardo, D. Gargano (FI). – Species new for the flora of Calabria.

N.G. Passalacqua, L. Peruzzi, G. Maiorca, L. Bernardo

Hieracium leiopogon Gren. ex Verl. subsp. hyposericum Zahn (Asteraceae)

+ ITALIA (PIE): Macra (Cuneo), Alpi Cozie, Valle Maira, presso il bivio per la fraz. Camoglieres (UTM WGS84: 32T 357.49291), pendio pietroso, calcare, 840 m, esp. S, 29 April 2015, M. Pascale, det. G. Gottschlich (FI, Herb. Pascale). – Subspecies new for the flora of Italy (Piemonte).

Pignatti (1982) reported Hieracium leiopogon Gren. ex Verl. for the Maritime Alps and Corsica. According to Conti et al. (2005, 2007), in Italy this species is found only in Sardegna. A reference to H. leiopogon subsp. hyposericum was made by Zahn (1916) for the Maritime Alps, however all the sites mentioned by this author are located on the French side. More recently, Greuter (2008) has reported the Sardinian populations as H. leiopogon subsp. iolai (Arrigoni) Greuter, excluding, at the same time, the presence of H. leiopogon subsp. hyposericum within Italian borders.

M. Pascale, G. Gottschlich

Juniperus oxycedrus L. (Cupressaceae)

+ ABR: Fresagrandinaria (Chieti), gessi, 14 February 1998, F. Conti (APP Nos. 34490, 34492; FI); Tufillo (Chieti), macchia, calcari marnosi, 22 February 1998, F. Conti, A. Manzi (APP Nos. 35438, 35439); Vittorito (L’Aquila), belvedere Peligno sopra Vittorito, cespuglieti, 23 April 2011, F. Conti (APP Nos. 55546, 55547, 55548). – Species new for the flora of Abruzzo.

F. Conti, F. Bartolucci

Lactuca sativa L. subsp. serriola (L.) Galasso, Banfi, Bartolucci & Ardenghi, comb. nov

Lactuca serriola L., Cent. Pl. II.: 29. 1756 [2.VI.1756]

Molecular analyses conducted by Koopman et al. (2001) evidenced that no differences occur between L. serriola L., L. sativa L., L. dregeana DC. and L. altaica Fisch. & C.A.Mey., which are probably conspecific. In particular, L. sativa is a culton (sensu Hetterscheid and Brandenburg 1995) of L. serriola domesticated in Egypt (Vries 1997). Thus, according to the approach adopted within the new checklist of the Italian vascular flora (Bartolucci et al. 2016c, Galasso et al. 2016) with respect to wild taxa belonging to the same species of the domesticated ones [see e.g. Beta vulgaris L. subsp. maritima (L.) Arcang., Pyrus communis L. subsp. pyraster (L.) Ehrh.], we here propose a new nomenclatural combination for relocating L. serriola as a subspecies of L. sativa. A former combination at the same rank appeared within a doctoral thesis (Frietema de Vries 1996), but was not published in accordance with Art. 30.8 of the ICN (McNeill et al. 2012).

G. Galasso, E. Banfi, F. Bartolucci, N.M.G. Ardenghi

Leucanthemum ligusticum Marchetti, R.Bernardello, Melai & Peruzzi (Asteraceae)

EMR. – Species to be excluded from the flora of Emilia-Romagna.

Leucanthemum legraeanum (Rouy) B.Bock & J.-M.Tison (Asteraceae)

+ EMR: Bedonia (Parma), Segno Rosso di Val Gorotta (WGS84: 44.475964°N; 9.581916°E), radura con affioramenti rocciosi, 800 m, 12 August 2010, M. Adorni, A. Alessandrini, L. Ghillani (FI). – Species new for the flora of Emilia-Romagna.

Leucanthemum ligusticum Marchetti, R.Bernardello, Melai & Peruzzi was recently recorded as new for the flora of Emilia-Romagna based on a specimen collected in Val Gorotta and stored in FI (Bartolucci et al. 2016b). After the revision of the herbarium specimen cited above, the population of Emilia-Romagna has to be attributed to the closely related Leucanthemum legraeanum, a species recently recorded for the first time in Italy (Bernardello et al. 2015).

D. Marchetti, M. Adorni, A. Alessandrini, L. Ghillani

Lolium pratense (Huds.) Darbysh. (Poaceae)

PUG. – Species to be excluded from the flora of Puglia.

In Puglia, Lolium pratense s.l. [incl. L. apennninum (De Not.) Ardenghi & Foggi] was recorded for Gargano [Biscotti 2002 sub Festuca pratensis Huds., Licht 2008 sub Schedonorus pratensis (Huds.) P.Beauv.] and Salento (Mele et al. 2006 sub Festuca pratensis Huds.). Biscotti (2002) and Licht (2008) referred to a single collection from 1952 by A. Messeri [Fenaroli 1974 sub “Festuca elatior L. = F. elatior L. pratensis (Huds.) Fiori”]. We traced Messeri’s collection in BI (Gargano, S. Giov. Rotondo, Contrada Campolato, Masseria Corvara, 5 June 1952, leg. Messeri). The plants on the sheet are actually Lolium arundinaceum (Schreb.) Darbysh. In BI, we traced another collection sub “Festuca pratensis Hudson” (Campus Universitario di Bari, 11 January 1991, leg. M. Fontanella), also referable to L. arundinaceum. In Salento, L. pratense was recorded by Mele et al. (2006) in the city of Lecce, but confused it with L. arundinaceum (specimen in LEC!). Lastly, a report under Festuca elatior L. from the Daunian subapennine (Trotter and Romano 1914), that we could not verify, is probably to be referred to L. arundinaceum, too.

R.P. Wagensommer, P. Medagli, L. Forte

Medicago muricoleptis Tineo (Fabaceae)

+ CAL: Crosia (Cosenza), pascolo a sinistra del Trionto (UTM WGS84: 33S 650.4381), 100 m, 15 May 1991, L. Bernardo (FI). – Species new for the flora of Calabria.

L. Bernardo, G. Maiorca, L. Peruzzi, N.G. Passalacqua

+ BAS: Matera (Matera), Bosco di Lucignano, ca. 185 m SW dalla Cisterna di San Francesco (WGS84: 40.60691°N; 16.70310°E), campo di grano duro, con Avena sterilis subsp. ludoviciana, Glebionis segetum, Anchusa azurea, 363 m, 9 June 2016, N. Ardenghi, P. Cauzzi (FI). – Species confirmed for the flora of Basilicata.

The presence of Phalaris brachystachys in Basilicata was regarded as doubtful by Conti et al. (2005); the species was discovered by the authors within a durum wheat field.

N.M.G. Ardenghi, P. Cauzzi, F. Guzzon

Piptatherum holciforme (M.Bieb.) Roem. & Schult. subsp. holciforme (Poaceae)

+ BAS: Matera, Gravina di Matera (WGS84: 40.6747°N; 16.6262°E), su rupi calcaree, 400 m, 15 May 2006, F.S. D’Amico, M. Terzi (FI, BI) – Subspecies new for the flora of Basilicata.

+ PUG: Laterza (Taranto), Gravina di Laterza (WGS84: 40.6165°N; 16.8094°E), rupi calcaree, 320 m, 8 June 2006, M. Terzi, F.S. D’Amico (FI); Laterza (Taranto), Gravina di Laterza, ambiente rupicolo - mosaico tra macchia ed incolto, 14 May 2010, E.V. Perrino (BI); Laterza (Taranto), Gravina di Laterza, ambiente rupicolo e radure a macchia, 1 June 2010, F. Mantino, F. Carruggio (BI) – Subspecies new for the flora of Puglia.

The distribution area of Piptatherum holciforme includes the E-Mediterranean Basin, SE Europe, C-Asia, up to the Arabian Peninsula, Ethiopia and Eritrea in Africa (Clayton et al. 2017). According to Clayton et al. (2017), the species includes three subspecies: P. holciforme subsp. abyssinicum Freitag, restricted to Ethiopia, Eritrea and Arabian Peninsula, P. holciforme subsp. longiglume (Hausskn.) Freitag and P. holciforme subsp. holciforme. The last two subspecies occur in Europe (Valdés et al. 2009). In Italy, P. holciforme was recorded for Puglia and Basilicata where it was found in karstic canyons near Laterza (Taranto) and Matera (D’Amico and Terzi 2007, Terzi and D’Amico 2009). Based on the taxonomic revisions by Freitag (1975), the main differences between P. holciforme subsp. holciforme and P. holciforme subsp. longiglume are represented by the length of the spikelet (7-10 mm vs. 9-14 mm), lemma (5-6 mm vs. 7-8 mm), and awn (5-8 mm vs. 11-14 mm). Similar differences between the two subspecies were recorded in Iran where both subspecies occur (Hamzeh'ee and Assadi 2015). The specimens collected in Puglia and Basilicata have a spikelet of 10-11 mm, a lemma of 5-6 mm, and an awn of nearly 10 mm. According to Freitag (1975), lemma size is the most reliable character to differentiate the two subspecies. Therefore, the Italian populations are here assigned to the nominal subspecies.

M. Terzi, F.S. D’Amico, R.P. Wagensommer

Potamogeton schweinfurthii A.Benn

+ EMR: Montetiffi (Sogliano al Rubicone, Forlì-Cesena), (WGS84: 43.941194°N; 12.283153°E), laghetto artificiale, 27 October 2016, G. Faggi (FI). – Species new for the flora of Emilia-Romagna.

The Italian distribution of this species was described recently by Lastrucci et al. (2010) and subsequently some updates for Marche came from Gubellini et al. (2014). These authors pointed out that this species was often confused with other entities of the genus Potamogeton, especially Potamogeton lucens L. In the study area, the species grows in an artificial pond showing only submerged leaves, as reported also for other Italian sites by Lastrucci et al. (2010).

The first notice of this discovery appeared in the web-forum Acta Plantarum (http://www.actaplantarum.org/floraitaliae/viewtopic.php?f=109&t=92374).

L. Lastrucci, G. Faggi, A. Alessandrini

Rhaponticoides centaurium (L.) M.V.Agab. & Greuter

= Rhaponticoides calabrica Puntillo & Peruzzi, Folia Geobot. 44(2): 192 (2009) syn. nov.

Rhaponticoides calabrica was described as a new species based on putative differences in chromosome number, capitula floret colour, and width of the scarious margin of the phyllaries as compared with R. centaurium (L.) M.V.Agab. & Greuter (Puntillo & Peruzzi 2009). However, all these differences later turned out to be inconsistent. R. calabrica was reported as having 2n = 30 (Puntillo & Peruzzi 2009), while R. centaurium 2n = 26 (Bianco et al. 1990), until Peruzzi & Perrino (2012) proved this count to be wrong, and to correspond to that of R. calabrica (2n = 30). Florets were described as whitish-rose in R. calabrica (Puntillo & Peruzzi 2009) and purple in R. centaurium (Dostál 1976, Pignatti 1982), but the standard descriptions of the latter species in the floras proved to be wrong, since R. centaurium also has withish-rose florets (Fascetti et al. 2014). Accordingly, the only remaining morphological feature concerns the phyllary scarious margins (putatively wider in R. calabrica). However, according to Fascetti et al. (2014), also this feature is controversial, and seemingly rather homogeneous among all localities from Basilicata (where both species should allopatrically occur, according to Puntillo & Peruzzi 2009). All in all, the treatment of R. calabrica as a heterotypic synonym of R. centaurium better conforms to our current knowledge on the systematics of this biological unit.

L. Peruzzi

Salicornia veneta Pignatti & Lausi (Amaranthaceae)

+ MAR: Porto d’Ascoli (San Benedetto del Tronto), Sentina Natural Regional Reserve (UTM WGS84: 33T 410.4750), in small clearing on clay-loam soil in the most depressed areas in the retrodunal zone with direct seawater access, 29 December 2016, E. Biondi, R. Gasparri, S. Casavecchia, M.A. Crisanti (FI, ANC). – Species new for the flora of Marche.

Salicornia veneta was recorded for Friuli Venezia Giulia, Veneto, Emilia-Romagna, Puglia and Sardegna (Conti et al. 2005, Biondi and Casavecchia 2010). It a was recently found also in Croatia (Stari Grad, Isola di Rab; Šajna et al. 2013). In the Sentina Natural Regional Reserve, the occurrence of S. emerici Duval-Jouve is also indicated (Conti et al. 2007, 2013), regarded by Kadereit et al. (2012) as a synonym of S. procumbens Sm. subsp. procumbens. The latter authors also consider S. veneta as synonym of S. procumbens, while Iberite and Iamonico (2016), based on morphological studies, consider S. veneta as a distinct unit.

E. Biondi, R. Gasparri, S. Casavecchia, M.A. Crisanti

Salvia officinalis L. subsp. gallica (W.Lippert) Reales, D.Rivera & Obón (Lamiaceae)

+ ITALIA (TOS): Santa Liberata sul Monte Argentario (Grosseto), In locis ± incultis subspontanea (UTM WGS84: 32T 677.4700), 12 May 1894, Sommier (FI); In promontorio Argentario (Grosseto), ± coltivata (UTM WGS84: 32T 676.4694), 29 March 1902, Sommier (FI); Giglio (Livorno), inselvatichita (UTM WGS84: 32T 656.4688), 7 March 1897, Sommier (FI); Elba (Livorno), lungo la strada e i fossi, vicino al bivio Portoferraio-Capoliveri (UTM WGS84: 32T 609.4738), 1 October 1964, Fabbri, Bavazzano, Contardo (FI); Montecristo (Livorno), s.l. (UTM WGS84: 32T 607.4684), 30 December 1897, Doria, Béguinot (FI). – Subspecies new for the flora of Italy (Toscana).

This subspecies was reported for the island of Montecristo (Tuscan Archipelago) and Argentario (probably based on some of the above mentioned specimens) by Reales et al. (2004) in their taxonomic study on the genus Salvia sect. Salvia, but not included in the works of Conti et al. (2005, 2007). Formerly it was reported as S. officinalis L. for the Tuscan Archipelago and Argentario by several authors (Caruel 1860–1864, Baroni 1897–1908, Sommier 1900, 1902, 1903, Béguinot 1901, Paoli and Romagnoli 1976, Fossi Innamorati 1989, Baldini 1995, 1998, Bertacchi et al. 2005). Sommier (1902) did not include this species in the Montecristo island flora because he did not consider it as truly native. It is not certain whether this taxon is (or was) native in this area or if it is derived from cultivation, i.e., an alien plant that became subspontaneous-casual in wildlands, at least in Elba and Argentario. It is worth noting that this subspecies is (or was) only present in some islands of the Tuscan Archipelago and in Argentario, now a coastal promontory but once an island of the ancient Tuscan Archipelago. Several exsiccata of Salvia officinalis are conserved at FI and the species was also reported for other Tuscan sites (Caruel 1860–1864, 1870, Del Prete et al. 1991, Camangi and Tomei 2003, Bertacchi et al. 2005, Garbari and Borzatti Von Loewenstern 2006, Pierini et al. 2009), but always considering it as cultivated or derived from cultivation. The only regional site where it seems to be native is Mt. Cetona, in SE Toscana (Bonari 2014).

N.G. Passalacqua, D. Viciani

Seseli polyphyllum Ten. (Apiaceae)

Seseli montanum L. subsp. polyphyllum (Ten.) P.W.Ball

LAZ. – Species to be excluded from the flora of Lazio.

Anzalone et al. (2010) recorded Seseli polyphyllum Ten. for Lazio based on a specimen collected on the Ausoni Mountains (M. Arcano [M. S. Biagio], 5 April 1988, leg. et det. E. Lattanzi, rev. B. Anzalone, Herb. Lattanzi). This exsiccatum was recently revised and identified as Seseli montanum L. subsp. montanum (rev. A. Stinca et M. Ricciardi, 15 February 2014). In Lazio, S. polyphyllum was anciently reported only for the Lepini Mountains at “Vetta della Semprevisa” (Béguinot 1897, under the name S. montanum L. var. polyphyllum Ten.). This record is not attested by any exsiccatum collected by Béguinot. Actually, in GE (S. Peccenini in litt.), GDOR (M. Tavano in litt.) and PAD (R. Marcucci in litt.) there is no Béguinot specimen referring to this taxon. Accordingly, this species occurs only in Campania, where it has been recorded for the Sorrento peninsula (Caputo et al. 1994), island of Capri (Ricciardi 1998) and Partenio mountains (Moraldo and La Valva 1989). Therefore, S. polyphyllum is to be excluded from Lazio.

A. Stinca, M. Ricciardi, E. Lattanzi

Silene mutabilis L. (Caryophyllaceae)

+ CAL: Calabria, Tarsia (Cosenza), C.da Cona, cavalcavia autostradale ca. 500 m a sud di Conicella (WGS84: 39.61850°N; 16.22998°E), margine strada, 156 m, 28 August 2016, L. Peruzzi (PI, FI). – Species new for the flora of Calabria.

Silene mutabilis is an annual SW Mediterranean species, previously known as S. neglecta Ten. (Pignatti 1982, Peruzzi and Carta 2013, Bacchetta et al. 2014, Peruzzi et al. 2014). It was hiterto known for Italy in Toscana, Lazio, Abruzzo, Campania, Basilicata, and Sicilia (Pignatti 1982, Conti et al. 2005).

L. Peruzzi

Spiraea decumbens W.D.J.Koch subsp. tomentosa (Poech) Dostál (Rosaceae)

+ TAA: Val delle Moneghe, comune di Sagron Mis (Trento), a monte del termine della strada forestale (WGS84: 46.181192°N; 11.948722°E), su una singola piccola rupe spiovente alcune decine di esemplari ancora lontani dalla fioritura, 1190 m, 27 May 2016, A. Bertolli, F. Prosser, G. Tomasi (FI, ROV). – Subspecies new for the flora of Trentino-Alto Adige.

Spiraea decumbens subsp. tomentosa is an Italian endemic, previously known only in Veneto and Friuli Venezia Giulia (Peruzzi et al. 2014). Its local distribution is reported by Poldini (2002) for Friuli Venezia Giulia and by Argenti and Lasen (2001) for Veneto. The map in Argenti and Lasen (2001) shows occurrences not far from the boundary between Veneto and Trentino. When we visited the Mis Valley in the Veneto Prealps, we were impressed by the rich populations of Spiraea decumbens subsp. tomentosa up to 2-3 km from the boundary of Trentino. For this reason, some days later we looked for this plant on the first cliff belt inside the Trento territory and we found the small population described above. The area was previously well investigated (Festi and Prosser 2000), but targeted research led to this unexpected finding.

A. Bertolli, F. Prosser

Torilis nodosa (L.) Gaertn. subsp. webbii (Jury) Kerguélen (Apiaceae)

+ CAL: Copanello di Stalettì (Catanzaro), Terrazzo (UTM WGS84: 33S 636.4291), 28 April 1995, S. Tassone (FI). – Subspecies new for the flora of Calabria.

N.G. Passalacqua, L. Peruzzi, G. Maiorca, L. Bernardo

Vicia ervoides (Brign.) Hampe (Fabaceae)

+ CAL: S. Donato di Ninea (Cosenza), Piano di Marco, alla base del Monte Mula (UTM WGS84: 33S 585.4395), radure di cerreta, 1050 m, 14 July 1994, L. Bernardo, N.G. Passalacqua (FI). – Species new for the flora of Calabria.

L. Bernardo, G. Maiorca, L. Peruzzi, N.G. Passalacqua

Vicia serratifolia Jacq. (Fabaceae)

+ ABR: Cansano (L’Aquila), Piano Cerreto (WGS84: 41.979644°N; 14.059860°E), incolti e prati aridi, 1030 m, 18 May 2016, F. Bartolucci, L. Di Martino, V. Di Cecco (APP No. 57755, FI). – Species new for the flora of Abruzzo.

Vicia serratifolia certainly occurs in southern Italy, Lazio, Emilia-Romagna, and Lombardia whereas it was historically recorded in Campania and is doubtful in Toscana (Conti et. al 2005, Giardina et. al. 2007, Marzorati et al. 2013, Wagensommer et al. 2014, Ardenghi and Polani 2016, Bartolucci et al. 2016a). Vicia serratifolia is listed in Conti et al. (2005) as V. narbonensis L. subsp. serratifolia (Jacq.) Ces., but it is is clearly distinct from V. narbonensis L. by the number of teeth on leaves, shape of stipules, and number of flowers. Therefore, also according to Schäfer (1973), Bennet and Maxted (1997), and Tison and De Foucault (2014), we prefer to regard it as a distinct species.

F. Bartolucci, L. Di Martino, V. Di Cecco, F. Conti

References

  • Alessandrini A (1983) Note per una flora dell’Emilia-Romagna. Secondo contributo. Archivio Botanico Italiano (Forlì) 59: 158–168.
  • Alessandrini A, Bonafede F (1996) Atlante della Flora protetta della Regione Emilia-Romagna. Regione Emilia-Romagna, Bologna.
  • Alessandrini A, Branchetti G (1997) Flora Reggiana. Cierre Ed, Verona.
  • Anzalone B, Iberite M, Lattanzi E (2010) La Flora vascolare del Lazio. Informatore Botanico Italiano 42(1): 187–317.
  • Ardenghi NMG, Mossini S (2013) Notula: 1961. In: Barberis G, Nepi C, Peccenini S, Peruzzi L (Eds) Notulae alla checklist della flora vascolare italiana 15 (1958−1999). Informatore Botanico Italiano 45(1), 93–109.
  • Ardenghi NMG, Polani F (2016) La Flora della provincia di Pavia (Lombardia, Italia settentrionale). 1. L’Oltrepò Pavese. Natural History Sciences 3(2): 51−79. https://doi.org/10.4081/nhs.2016.269
  • Argenti C, Lasen C (2001) Parco Nazionale Dolomiti Bellunesi. Studi e Ricerche 3: La Flora. Duck Edizioni, Santa Giustina (BL), 209 pp.
  • Bacchetta G, Carta A, Paradis G, Piazza C, Peruzzi L (2014) Further insights into the taxonomy of the Silene nocturna species complex (Caryophyllaceae): a systematic survey of the taxa from Sardinia and Corsica. Phytotaxa 175(1): 37–44. https://doi.org/10.1080/00837792.1995.10670598
  • Baroni E (1897–1908) Supplemento generale al “Prodromo della Flora toscana di T. Caruel”. Società Botanica Italiana, Firenze, 638 pp.
  • Bartolucci F, Domina G, Adorni M, Alessandrini A, Angiulli F, Ardenghi NMG, Banfi E, Barberis G, Bedini G, Bonari G, Calbi M, Fenaroli F, Galasso G, Gestri G, Ghillani L, Gottschlich G, Iberite M, Latini M, Lazzeri V, Nicolella G, Olivieri N, Perrino EV, Peruzzi L, Pisani G, Roma-Marzio F, Russo G, Scutellà F, Silletti GN, Stinca A, Wagensommer RP, Nepi C (2016a) Notulae to the Italian native vascular flora: 1 Italian Botanist 1: 5–15.
  • Bartolucci F, Domina G, Adorni M, Argenti C, Astuti G, Bangoni S, Buldrini F, Campochiaro MB, Carruggio F, Cecchi L, Conti F, Cristaudo A, D’Amico FS, D’Auria G, Di Gristina E, Dunkel F-G, Forte L, Gangale C, Ghillani L, Gottschlich G, Mantino F, Mariotti M, Novaro C, Olivieri N, Palladino G, Pascale M, Pepe A, Perrino EV, Peruzzi L, Picollo S, Puntillo D, Roma-Marzio F, Rosiello A, Russo G, Santini C, Selvi F, Scafidi F, Scoppola A, Stinca A, Villa M, Nepi C (2016b) Notulae to the Italian native vascular flora: 2. Italian Botanist 2: 73–92. https://doi.org/10.3897/italianbotanist.2.11060
  • Bartolucci F, Peruzzi L, Galasso G, Conti F (2016c) Checklist aggiornata della flora vascolare autoctona d’Italia. Notiziario della Società Botanica Italiana 0: 29−30.
  • Béguinot A (1897) Prodromo ad una flora dei bacini Pontino ed Ausonio e dei monti limitrofi (Lepini, Ausoni). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, Serie 2a 18: 189–341.
  • Béguinot A (1901) Notizie botaniche su alcune erborazioni invernali attraverso le isole dell’arcipelago toscano. Bollettino della Società Botanica Italiana 1901: 44–56.
  • Bernardello R, Fiorini G, Marchetti D, Tison JM (2015) Leucanthemum legraeanum (Rouy) B. Bock et J.-M. Tison (Asteraceae) in Liguria, novità per la flora italiana. Annali dei Musei Civici-Rovereto. Sezione Archeologia, Storia, Scienze Naturali 30(2014): 325–329.
  • Bertacchi A, Kugler PC, Lombardi T, Mannocci M, Monaldi M, Spinelli P (2005) Prodromo della flora vascolare della provincia di Livorno. Edizioni ETS, Pisa, 401 pp.
  • Bertolli A, Prosser F (2014) Segnalazioni Floristiche Tridentine. IX. Annali dei Musei Civici-Rovereto. Sezione Archeologia, Storia, Scienze Naturali 29(2013): 131–174.
  • Bianco P, D’Emerico S, Medagli P (1990) Numeri Cromosomici per la Flora Italiana: 1239-1243. Informatore Botanico Italiano 22: 237–239.
  • Biondi E, Casavecchia S (2010) The halophilous retro-dune grasslands of the italian adriatic coastline. Braun-Blanquetia 46: 111–127.
  • Biscotti N (2002) Botanica del Gargano, vol. 1+2. Gerni Ed., San Severo, 467 pp.
  • Bonari G (2014) 315. Salvia officinalis L. (Lamiaceae). In: Peruzzi L, Viciani D, Bedini G (Eds) Contributi per una flora vascolare di Toscana. V. Atti Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Serie B, 120 (2013): 42.
  • Buono V, Manni QG (2013) Noterella: 0113. Acta Plantarum Notes 2: 142.
  • Camangi F, Tomei PE (2003) Tradizioni etno-farmacobotaniche nella provincia di Livorno: il territorio della “Valle Benedetta”. Informatore Botanico Italiano 35(1): 41–54.
  • Caputo G, La Valva V, Nazzaro R, Ricciardi M (1994) La flora della Penisola Sorrentina (Campania). Delpinoa, nuova serie 3132 (1989-1990): 3–97.
  • Carta A, Pierini B, Alessandrini A, Frignani F, Peruzzi L (2010) Contributo alla conoscenza della flora vascolare endemica di Toscana ed aree contermini. 1. Crocus etruscus Parl. (Iridaceae). Informatore Botanico Italiano 42(1): 47–52.
  • Caruel T (1860-1864) Prodromo della Flora Toscana.14. Ed. Le Monnier, Firenze.
  • Clayton WD, Govaerts R, Harman KT, Williamson H, Vorontsova M (2017) World Checklist of Poaceae. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ [accessed 13.01.2017]
  • Conti F, Abbate G, Alessandrini A, Blasi C (Eds) (2005) An annotated checklist of the Italian vascular flora. Palombi Editori, Roma.
  • Conti F, Alessandrini A, Bacchetta G, Banfi E, Barberis G, Bartolucci F, Bernardo L, Bonacquisti S, Bouvet D, Bovio M, Brusa G, Del Guacchio E, Foggi B, Frattini S, Galasso G, Gallo L, Gangale C, Gottschlich G, Grünanger P, Gubellini L, Iiriti G, Lucarini D, Marchetti D, Moraldo B, Peruzzi L, Poldini L, Prosser F, Raffaelli M, Santangelo A, Scassellati E, Scortegagna S, Selvi F, Soldano A, Tinti D, Ubaldi D, Uzunov D, Vidali M (2007) Integrazioni alla checklist della flora vascolare italiana. Natura Vicentina 10(2006): 5–74.
  • Conti F, Bracchetti L, Gubellini L (2007) Flora vascolare della Riserva Naturale Regionale Sentina (Marche). Delpinoa 49: 89–110.
  • Conti F, Bracchetti L, Gubellini L (2013) Flora della Riserva Naturale Regionale Sentina, Atlante fotografico delle piante vascolari. Tip. Fastedit, Acquaviva Picena, Ascoli Piceno.
  • D’Amico FS, Terzi M (2007) Notula: 1276. In: Conti F, Nepi C, Scoppola A (Eds) Notulae alla checklist della flora vascolare italiana: 3 (1267–1310). Informatore Botanico Italiano 39(1): 240.
  • Del Prete C, Balderi F, Garbari F (1990) Geobotanical research on Mount Pisano (Tuscany, Italy), VIII. A preliminary checklist of the vascular flora. Atti Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, Serie B 97: 121–192.
  • Dibona D (2012) La flora rupestre delle Dolomiti ladine. Cierre Edizioni, Caselle di Sommacampagna (VR), 446 pp.
  • Dostál J (1976) Centaurea L. In: Tutin TG, Burges NA, Chater AO, Edmondson JR, Heywood VH, Moore DM, Valentine DH, Walters SM, Webb DA (Eds) Flora Europaea, vol. 4. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 254–301.
  • Fascetti S, Potenza G, Rosati L (2014) Rhaponticoides calabrica (Compositae) è specie da escludere dalla flora lucana? In: Peruzzi L, Domina (Eds) Floristica, Sistematica ed Evoluzione. Società Botanica Italiana, Firenze, 45–46.
  • Festi F, Prosser F (2000) La Flora del Parco Naturale Paneveggio-Pale di S. Martino. Atlante corologico e repertorio delle segnalazioni. Supplemento Annali dei Musei Civici-Rovereto. Sezione Archeologia, Storia, Scienze Naturali 13 (1997), 438 pp.
  • Freitag, H. 1975: The genus Piptatherum (Gramineae) in Southwest Asia. Notes from the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh 33: 31–408.
  • Frietema de Vires FT (1996) Cultivated plants and the wild flora: effect analysis by dispersal codes. Doctoral thesis, Rijksherbarium/Hortus Botanicus, Leiden.
  • Galasso G, Bartolucci F, Peruzzi L, Ardenghi NMG, Banfi E, Celesti-Grapow L, Conti F (2016) Checklist aggiornata della flora vascolare alloctona d’Italia. Notiziario della Società Botanica Italiana 0: 49−50.
  • Garbari F, Borzatti Von Loewenstern A (2006) Flora Pisana: elenco annotato delle piante vascolari della Provincia di Pisa Atti Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, Serie B, 112 (2005): 1–125.
  • Giardina G, Raimondo FM, Spadaro V (2007) A catalogue of plants growing in Sicily. Bocconea 20: 5–582.
  • Greuter W (2008) Med-Checklist. A critical inventory of vascular plants of the circum-mediterranean countries, 2. Dicotyledones (Compositae). Palermo, Genève & Berlin, 798 pp.
  • Gubellini L, Hofmann N, Pinzi M (2014) Contributo alla conoscenza della flora vascolare delle Marche e di alcune regioni limitrofe. Informatore Botanico Italiano 46(1): 17–26.
  • Hamzeh'ee B, Assadi M (2015) Taxonomical notes on the genus Piptatherum P. Beauv. (Poaceae) in Iran. Iranian Journal of Botany 21(1): 1–9.
  • Harpke D, Carta A, Tomović G, Ranđelović V, Ranđelović N, Blattner FR, Peruzzi L (2015) Phylogeny, karyotype evolution and taxonomy of Crocus ser. Verni (Iridaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 301(1): 309–325. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00606-014-1074-0
  • Hetterscheid WLA, Brandenburg WA (1995) Culton versus taxon: conceptual issues in cultivated plant systematics. Taxon 44(2): 161−175. https://doi.org/10.2307/1222439
  • Hroudová Z, Zákravský P, Ducháček M, Marhold K (2007) Taxonomy, distribution and ecology of Bolboschoenus in Europe. Annales Botanici Fennici 44: 81–102.
  • Iberite M, Iamonico D (2016) Sull’identità di Salicornia veneta (Amaranthaceae) In: Domina G, Peruzzi L (Eds) Minilavori della Riunione scientifica del Gruppo per la Floristica, Sistematica ed Evoluzione. 21-22 ottobre 2016, Roma. Notiziario della Società Botanica Italiana 0: 27−28.
  • Jafari F, Kazempour Osaloo S, Mozffarian V (2015) Molecular phylogeny of the tribe Astereae (Asteraceae) in SW Asia based on nrDNA ITS and cpDNA psbA-trnH sequences. Willdenowia 45(1): 77−92. https://doi.org/10.3372/wi.45.45108
  • Kadereit G, Piirainen M, Lambinon J, Vanderpoorten A (2012) Cryptic taxa should have names: Reflections in the glasswort genus Salicornia (Amaranthaceae). Taxon 61(6): 1227–239.
  • Karanović D, Luković J, Zorić L, Anačkov G, Boža P (2015) Taxonomic status of Aster, Galatella and Tripolium (Asteraceae) in view of anatomical and micro-morphological evidence. Nordic Journal of Botany 33(4): 484−497. https://doi.org/10.1111/njb.00659
  • Koopman WJM, Zevenbergen MJ, Van den Berg RG (2001) Species relationships in Lactuca s.l. (Lactuceae, Asteraceae) inferred from AFLP fingerprints. American Journal of Botany 88(10): 1881−1887. https://doi.org/10.2307/3558364
  • Li W-P, Yang F-S, Jivkova T, Yin G-S (2012) Phylogenetic relationships and generic delimitation of Eurasian Aster (Asteraceae: Astereae) inferred from ITS, ETS and trnL-F sequence data. Annals of Botany 109(7): 1341−1357. https://doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcs054
  • Licht W (2008) Bestimmungsschlüssel zur Flora des Gargano (Süd-Italien). Shaker Verlag, Aachen, 384 pp.
  • Marchetti D (2004) Le Pteridofite d’Italia. Annali dei Musei Civici-Rovereto. Sezione Archeologia, Storia, Scienze Naturali 19(2003): 71–231.
  • Marzorati A, Medri M, Alessandrini A (2013) Noterella: 0004. Acta Plantarum Notes 1: 57.
  • Mathew B (1982) The Crocus. B.T. Batsford Ltd., London.
  • Mazzoni D, Pezza M, Zatta A (2001) Flora e Vegetazione del Parco dello Stirone. Collana “Stirone Natura, 2. Salsomaggiore Terme.
  • McNeill J, Barrie FR, Buck WR, Demoulin V, Greuter W, Hawksworth DL, Herendeen PS, Knapp S, Marhold K, Prado J, Prud’homme Van Reine WF, Smith GF, Wiersema JH, Turland NJ (Eds) (2012) International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (Melbourne Code) adopted by the Eighteenth International Botanical Congress Melbourne, Australia, July 2011. Regnum Vegetabile 154: 1−208.
  • Mele C, Medagli P, Accogli R, Beccarisi L, Albano A, Marchiori S (2006) Flora of Salento (Apulia, southeastern Italy): an annotated checklist. Flora Mediterranea 16: 193–245.
  • Moraldo B, La Valva (1989) La flora dei Monti del Partenio (Campania, Comunità Montana del Vallo di Lauro e del Baianese). Atti del Circolo culturale B. G. Duns Scoto di Roccarainola 1415: 75–217.
  • Olivieri N (2015a) Notula: 2100. In: Bartolucci F, Nepi C, Domina G, Peruzzi L (Eds) Notulae alla checklist della flora vascolare italiana: 19(2100–2129) Informatore Botanico Italiano 47(1): 65.
  • Olivieri N (2015b) Notula: 2155. In: Bartolucci F, Nepi C, Domina G, Peruzzi L (Eds) Notulae alla checklist della flora vascolare italiana: 20 (2130–2158). Informatore Botanico Italiano 47(2): 229.
  • Parlatore F (1858) Flora Italiana, Vol. 3. Le Monnier, Firenze.
  • Peruzzi L, Carta A (2013) A taxonomic revision of Silene nocturna species complex (Caryophyllaceae) in Italy. Phytotaxa 88(3): 38–48.
  • Peruzzi L, Jarvis CE, Carta A (2014) On the application of the Linnaean names Cucubalus reflexus, Silene nocturna and Silene mutabilis (Caryophyllaceae). Taxon 63(3): 651–652. https://doi.org/10.12705/633.6
  • Peruzzi L, Perrino EV (2012) Numeri Cromosomici per la Flora Italiana: 1483-1484. Informatore Botanico Italiano 44(1): 172–173.
  • Peruzzi L, Viciani D, Agostini N, Angiolini C, Ardenghi NMG, Astuti G, Bardaro MR, Bertacchi A, Bonari G, Chitrý M, Ciampolini F, D’Antraccoli M, Domina G, Ferretti G, Foggi B, Guiggi A, Iamonico D, Laghi P, Lastrucci L, Lazzaro L, Lazzeri V, Liguori P, Mannocci M, Novák P, Nucci A, Pierini B, Roma-Marzio F, Romiti B, Sani A, Zoccola A, Zukal D, Bedini G (2017) Contributi per una flora vascolare di toscana. VIII (440–506). Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, serie B, 123(2016): 71–82.
  • Pierini B, Garbari F, Peruzzi L (2009) Flora vascolare del Monte Pisano (Toscana nord-occidentale). Informatore Botanico Italiano 41(2): 147–213.
  • Pignatti S (1982) Flora d’Italia, Vols. 13. Edagricole, Bologna.
  • Poldini L (2002) Nuovo Atlante corologico delle piante vascolari nel Friuli-Venezia Giulia. Regione Autonoma Friuli Venezia Giulia, Udine, 529 pp.
  • Prosser F. (2000) Segnalazioni floristiche tridentine. VII. Annali dei Musei Civici-Rovereto. Sezione Archeologia, Storia, Scienze Naturali 15(1999): 107–141.
  • Ricciardi M (1998) Flora di Capri (Golfo di Napoli). Annali di Botanica 54(1996): 7–169.
  • Šajna N, Regvar M, Kaligarič S, Škvorc Ž, Kaligarič M (2013) Germination characteristics of Salicornia patula Duval-Jouve, S. emerici Duval Jouve and S. veneta Pign. et Lausi and their occurrence in Croatia. Acta Botanica Croatica 72: 347–358. https://doi.org/10.2478/botcro-2013-0011
  • Sommier S (1900) L’Isola del Giglio e la sua Flora. Clausen, Torino.
  • Sommier S (1902) La flora dell’arcipelago toscano. Nuovo Giornale Botanico Italiano, Nuova serie 9(2): 319–354.
  • Sommier S (1903) La flora dell’arcipelago toscano. Nota II. Dal “Herbarium Camillae Doriae”. Nuovo Giornale Botanico Italiano, Nuova serie 10(2): 133–200.
  • Terzi M, D’Amico FS (2009) Notula: 1535. In: Nepi C, Peccenini S, Peruzzi L (Eds) Notulae alla checklist della flora vascolare italiana: 7 (1530–1567). Informatore Botanico Italiano 41(1): 129.
  • Tison J-M, De Foucault B (2014) Flora Gallica - Flore de France. Biotopes, Mèze, 1216 pp.
  • Trotter A, Romano M (1914) Sulla Flora di M. Crispiniano in Puglia. Nuovo Giornale Botanico Italiano, nuova serie 21: 398–435.
  • Valdés B, Scholz H, Raab-Straube E, Parolly G (2009) Poaceae (pro parte majore). Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity. http://ww2.bgbm.org/EuroPlusMed/ [accessed 13.01.2017]
  • Wagensommer RP, Marrese M, Perrino EV, Bartolucci F, Cancellieri L, Carruggio F, Conti F, Di Pietro R, Fortini P, Galasso G, Lattanzi E, Lavezzo P, Longo D, Peccenini S, Rosati L, Russo G, Salerno G, Scoppola A, Soldano A, Stinca A, Tilia A, Turco A, Medagli P, Forte L (2014) Contributo alla conoscenza floristica della Puglia: resoconto dell’escursione del Gruppo di Floristica (S.B.I.) nel 2011 nel settore meridionale dei Monti della Daunia. Informatore Botanico Italiano 46(2): 175–208.
  • Zahn KH (1916) Les Hieracium des Alpes Maritimes. Georg. Genève et Bale, Lyon.